In the UK it is estimated that we generate around 230million tonnes of waste each year with England responsible for around 85% of the UK total. The Landfill Directive, generally aimed at local authorities requires the UK to reduce the amount of (BMW) biodegradable municipal waste sent to landfill, with targets agreed across the EU.
Part of the incentive to do this was the introduction of a landfill tax which has had a big impact on the previously favoured option of burying our waste in the ground. In the last few years, recycling and producing energy from waste has come to the forefront and the waste in a typical skip ordered through Nationwide Services now goes on quite a journey.
Typically, the following will happen in most cases:
- The skip will be collected from your property and transported to the nearest Materials Recycling Facility (MRF). Nationwide Services work with a network of local suppliers to minimise the carbon footprint associated with transport.
- The skip will be tipped in the MRF and larger bulky items such as doors and window frames will be segregated out and put aside for further recycling or re-use.
- The remaining waste will then be processed through a series of processes to segregate the various waste types using both mechanical and manual methods.
- Timber will be segregated out for final shredding and forwarded on for biomass fuel for power stations or recycled into lower grade board products.
- Plastics will be recycled and processed back into raw products were it is practical reducing the reliance on oil based products. It costs less in energy to recycle than create new virgin materials.
- Metals will be separated into ferrous and non-ferrous and re-processed back into raw products for re-manufacturing.
- Soils and rubble will be separated and recycled back into raw materials for the construction and landscaping industries.
- Glass is one of the few products that can be endlessly recycled back into raw product without any loss in purity
Once all of this has taken place we will inevitably be left with some residual waste which would generally need to go to landfill, however, in recent times this has been diverted away from landfill and is utilised as Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF). This waste from energy is very popular on the continent however more plants are now coming on line in the UK.
To maximise recovery and recycling of waste it is essential that waste is a major consideration at all aspects of planning a project, however large or small. Nationwide Services have experienced staff to take you through the most suitable processes at all stages of any project.